About the Reference Linaro Confectionary Release for HiKey (Multi-arch 64-bit)
This Reference Linaro Confectionary Release is the release of Android Pie 9.0
for 96boards HiKey board. It is based on the Pie android-9.0.0_r22 branch. This build is a
userdebug variant build, which contains multi-arch support allowing full use of the
64-bit ARMv8-A architecture, supports both 64-bit and 32-bit applications,
and with SELinux enabled.
The kernel used for this build is based on the AOSP version 4.14 common kernel,
which includes the ARM Mali drivers for 3D graphics acceleration support,
and OP-TEE support.
The userspace projects are built with AOSP Android clang-4691093
which is version 6.0.2 (based on LLVM 6.0.2svn),
for both 64bit and 32bit, and kernel is built with AOSP Android
clang-r346389b which is version 8.0.6 (based on LLVM 8.0.6svn).
To switch to permissive mode, pass “androidboot.selinux=permissive” as
the boot parameter in the bootargs configuration, or run
“setenforce 0” from command line with root user after booted.
The Android AOSP software provided in this release is functionally
tested with CTS version 9.0 R5 and VTS package generated from the
AOSP pie-vts-dev branch, the test results of both CTS and VTS are
shared with members. We also added some benchmark tests to observe the
performance trend in various fields.
Sources are also made available so you can build your own images
(see the Building from Source tab).
What is new
- Android source base on Pie android-9.0.0_r22 version
- CTS package based on version of Android 9.0 R5
- Tested with VTS package based on pie-vts-dev
- OP-TEE based on tag 3.3.0
- All tests were run in LAVAv2 format
- Enabled the Treble feature
- Use 4.14 as the default kernel, fixed problems related to the use of 4.14 kernel
- Enabled drm_hwcomposer hal
- Set PRODUCT_SHIPPING_API_LEVEL to 25
- Dropped the usage of FIQ console feature
- Enabled more basic system services features
- HiKey PowerHAL is reworked to use email@example.com interface
- Enabled 64bit DRM HAL
- Updated to mount userdata partition with nosuid and nodev flags
The use of HiKey software is subject to the terms of the HiKey:
End User License Agreement.
Subscribe to the important Linaro mailing lists and join our IRC
channels to stay on top of Linaro development.
- Linaro Android Development 'Mailing list’
- Linaro Android IRC channel on irc.freenode.net at #linaro-android
- Linaro Android ART IRC channel on irc.freenode.net at #linaro-art
- Bug reports should be filed in 'Bugzilla’ under “Linaro Android” product and “R-LCR-HIKEY” component.
- You will need to login to your Linaro account. If you do not have an account or are having problems, email firstname.lastname@example.org for help.
- More general bug reports should be filed in Bugzilla against the individual packages that are affected.
- Questions? 'ask linaro’
- Interested in commercial support? inquire at 'Linaro Support’
OP-TEE userspace projects
Firmware used for OP-TEE
Please use the firmware files from “here”: http://releases.linaro.org/android/reference-lcr/hikey/9.0-19.01/ .
Patches for OP-TEE enablement
|Gerrit ID/Commit ID||Project||Description|
|20090||device/linaro/hikey||optee: integrate for optee components|
|18233||device/linaro/hikey||optee: Enable opteed in the bootloader|
|18470||device/linaro/hikey||bootloader/Makefile: use TOP_ROOT_ABS instead of ANDROID_BUILD_TOP|
|17728||device/linaro/hikey||build_uefi.mk: to build uefi files automatically when build android|
|20091||device/linaro/hikey||init.common.rc & sepolicy: move OPTEE related file to vendor paritition|
|05a8316d2e5b45bd15a9646bf948ffa042f94327||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||hikey: Enable OPTEE in defconfig|
|18415||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||hikey_defconfig: enable dummy ION memory in kernel config|
|fabaadfddf7a3ca34769ec1814ea931d5e326ab0||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||[v4.16] tee: flexible shared memory pool creation|
|18413||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||[v4.16] tee: add register user memory|
|0987f080c0bb427354d8f0c95940d8912ab40707||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||[v4.16] tee: use reference counting for tee_context|
|28f2ad9c42306663c01a479cd23fa87668c890cb||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||tee: new ioctl to a register tee_shm from a dmabuf file descriptor|
|229153c92b8fe18a8e12b473a0ff66e317755dfa||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||[v4.16] tee: optee: Update protocol definitions|
|a2f3da632988d38c1e5355a28336fe1115afb288||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||[v4.16] tee: optee: store OP-TEE capabilities in private data|
|1af7f7907fd43456de448d115711561c3ad5cbbf||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||staging/ion: add Allwinner ION “secure” heap|
|ffcd4cc22e27b81f1ebae6f2bf8e29664e723e21||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||ion: “unmapped” heap for secure data path|
|ee589e6a4688add86cd34cadd23267cbccf3f3c0||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||staging/ion: condition unmapped heap to supported architectures|
|16843e5f398a40e085a8cd20770af825b100fb1a||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||staging/ion: ARM64 supports ION_UNMAPPED_HEAP|
|18405||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||staging:ion: add a no-map property to ion dmabuf attachment|
|3ed4ce4c37ef0800b5da18893212e6769e1dbd3e||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||tee: optee: log message if dynamic shm is enabled|
|94c2f2e1cb08073cd688bd51638920b1cc6ad166||kernel/linaro/hisilicon-4.14||tee: fix unbalanced context refcount in register shm from fd|
Android Patch Summary
There are patches developed by Linaro engineering teams were applied
to get Android booting to UI on the HiKey development platform.
These patches can be found on Linaro’s Android Git repositories via files:
Some of these patches have been submitted to AOSP and are being tracked for acceptance.
Any patches can be contributed through the instructions described Here
Known Issues and Limitations
- Graphics has occasional horizontal offset (color shifts sometimes) problem
- QuadrantPro benchmark failed to run to complete with this build
The following known issues are present in this release. Please contact email@example.com if you wish to know more information about these issues or have access problems when attempting to view them.
|Bug ID||Bug title||Bug summary|
|4094||HiKey-Pie: CtsAndroidAppTestCases android.app.cts.ApplyOverrideConfigurationTest#testOverriddenConfigurationIsPassedIntoCallback|
|4086||HiKey-Pie: CtsAppTestCases android.app.cts.ActivityManagerProcessStateTest#testForegroundServiceAppOp(intermittent)|
|4089||HiKey-Pie: CtsAppTestCases android.app.cts.AlarmManagerTest#testAlarmTriggersImmediatelyIfSetTimeIsNegative(intermittent-timeout)|
|4215||HiKey-Pie: CtsAppTestCases android.app.cts.AlertDialog_BuilderTest#testSetCancelable|
|4206||HiKey-Pie: CtsAppTestCases android.app.cts.DialogTest#testContextMenu|
|4207||HiKey-Pie: CtsAppTestCases android.app.cts.DialogTest#testOnKeyDownKeyUp|
|4093||HiKey-Pie: CtsLibcoreTestCases libcore.java.net.InetAddressTest#test_isReachable_by_ICMP|
|4124||HiKey-Pie: CtsNativeHardwareTestCases android.hardware.nativehardware.cts.AHardwareBufferNativeTests#SingleLayer_ColorTest_GpuColorOutputAndSampledImage_R8G8B8_UNORM|
|4123||HiKey-Pie: CtsNativeHardwareTestCases android.hardware.nativehardware.cts.AHardwareBufferNativeTests#SingleLayer_ColorTest_GpuColorOutputCpuRead_R8G8B8_UNORM|
|4122||HiKey-Pie: CtsNativeHardwareTestCases android.hardware.nativehardware.cts.AHardwareBufferNativeTests#SingleLayer_ColorTest_GpuColorOutputIsRenderable_R8G8B8_UNORM|
|4121||HiKey-Pie: CtsNativeHardwareTestCases android.hardware.nativehardware.cts.AHardwareBufferNativeTests#SingleLayer_ColorTest_GpuSampledImageCanBeSampled_R8G8B8_UNORM|
|4236||HiKey-Pie: CtsPermissionTestCases android.permission.cts.DebuggableTest#testNoDebuggable|
|4235||HiKey-Pie: CtsPermissionTestCases android.permission.cts.FileSystemPermissionTest#testDataMountedNoSuidNoDev|
|4234||HiKey-Pie: CtsPermissionTestCases android.permission.cts.FileSystemPermissionTest#testDevPortSane|
|4181||HiKey-Pie: CtsSecurityTestCases android.security.cts.MotionEventTest#testActionOutsideDoesNotContainedObscuredInformation|
|4125||HiKey-Pie: CtsSyncContentHostTestCases android.content.cts.InvalidSyncAuthoritiesHostTest#testInvalidEntriesClearedOnBoot|
|4239||HiKey-Pie: CtsSystemUiTestCases android.systemui.cts.LightBarTests#testNavigationBarDivider|
|4237||HiKey-Pie: CtsSystemUiTestCases android.systemui.cts.LightBarThemeTest#testNavigationBarDividerColor|
|4111||HiKey-Pie: CtsViewTestCases android.view.cts.DisplayRefreshRateTest#testRefreshRate|
|4105||HiKey-Pie: CtsViewTestCases android.view.cts.PixelCopyTest#testDialogProducer|
|4103||HiKey-Pie: CtsViewTestCases android.view.cts.SurfaceViewSyncTest#testEmptySurfaceView|
|4102||HiKey-Pie: CtsViewTestCases android.view.cts.SurfaceViewSyncTest#testSmallRect|
|4101||HiKey-Pie: CtsViewTestCases android.view.cts.SurfaceViewSyncTest#testSurfaceViewBigScale|
|4100||HiKey-Pie: CtsViewTestCases android.view.cts.SurfaceViewSyncTest#testSurfaceViewSmallScale|
|4099||HiKey-Pie: CtsViewTestCases android.view.cts.SurfaceViewSyncTest#testVideoSurfaceViewCornerCoverage|
|4098||HiKey-Pie: CtsViewTestCases android.view.cts.SurfaceViewSyncTest#testVideoSurfaceViewEdgeCoverage|
|4097||HiKey-Pie: CtsViewTestCases android.view.cts.SurfaceViewSyncTest#testVideoSurfaceViewRotated|
|4096||HiKey-Pie: CtsViewTestCases android.view.cts.SurfaceViewSyncTest#testVideoSurfaceViewTranslate|
|4143||HiKey-Pie: CtsWebkitTestCases android.webkit.cts.WebChromeClientTest#testOnJsBeforeUnloadIsCalled failed only with arm64-v8a(intermittent)|
|4208||HiKey-Pie: CtsWebkitTestCases android.webkit.cts.WebViewTest#testRequestImageRef(intermittent)|
|4142||HiKey-Pie: CtsWidgetTestCases android.widget.cts.ExpandableListViewWithHeadersTest#testContextMenus(intermittent)|
|4141||HiKey-Pie: CtsWidgetTestCases android.widget.cts.ToolbarTest#testMenuOverflowSubmenu(intermittent)|
|4139||HiKey-Pie: media-codecs was not integrated into the build|
|4138||HiKey-Pie: optee-xtest failed to run with 100% pass rate on lava|
|4140||HiKey-Pie: piglit-gles2 piglit-gles3 piglit-glslparser piglit-shader-runner tests are not integrated into the builds|
|4137||HiKey-Pie: quadrantpro failed to run to complete|
|4204||HiKey-Pie: vts-hal VtsHalGnssV1_0Target#GnssHalTest.GetAllExtensions(default)|
|4203||HiKey-Pie: vts-hal VtsHalGnssV1_0Target#GnssHalTest.GetLocation(default)|
|4202||HiKey-Pie: vts-hal VtsHalGnssV1_0Target#GnssHalTest.InjectDelete(default)|
|4201||HiKey-Pie: vts-hal VtsHalGnssV1_0Target#GnssHalTest.MeasurementCapabilites(default)|
|4200||HiKey-Pie: vts-hal VtsHalGnssV1_0Target#GnssHalTest.SetCallbackCapabilitiesCleanup(default)|
|4119||HiKey-Pie: vts-performance FmqPerformanceTest#testRunBenchmark32Bit|
|4120||HiKey-Pie: vts-performance FmqPerformanceTest#testRunBenchmark64Bit|
If this is the first time you use Hikey board, please reference here for the initial setup instructions:
Click on each link to download:
- l-loader.bin.xz (for OP-TEE support)
- fip.bin.xz (for OP-TEE support))
- userdata.img.xz(for 8G board)
Uncompress the downloaded .xz files using your operating system file manager,
or with the following command for each file:
$ xz -d [filename].xz
Flash firmware files for OP-TEE support
If you need OP-TEE feature work with this release, the firmware files
l-loader.bin and fip.bin are required to be flashed.
To flash the l-loader.bin and fip.bin files, you need to boot into the recovery
mode with the Link 1-2 and Link 3-4 of the Jumper 15 closed, and Link 5-6 opened.
And run the hisi-idt.py from here as following:
sudo python ./hisi-idt.py --img1="l-loader.bin" -d "/dev/ttyUSBx" sleep 3 fastboot flash fastboot fip.bin
For details you could check the README file in AOSP here
You could flash the AOSP Android images here as well with following instructions:
$ fastboot flash boot boot.img $ fastboot flash system system.img $ fastboot flash userdata userdata.img $ fastboot flash vendor vendor.img
Or flash the image files with following instructions.
Boot HiKey board to fastboot mode
Connect the Link 1-2 and Link 5-6 of the Jumper15 on your Hikey board,
Connect a standard microUSB to USB connector between the HiKey microUSB port
and your Linux PC. Connect the HiKey power supply to the board, and run
following command to check if the board is in fastboot mode:
$ sudo fastboot devices 0123456789abcdef fastboot $
Also if you are in Android mode, you could switch to fastboot mode with command
$ adb reboot bootloader
Flash Android images
Flash the uncompressed files into the HiKey board under fastboot mode with
$ fastboot flash boot boot.img $ fastboot flash system system.img $ fastboot flash userdata userdata.img $ fastboot flash vendor vendor.img
Boot HiKey board with Android images
Connect the link 1-2, remove the link 3-4 and link 5-6 of the Jumper15 on your Hikey board,
connect the microUSB to you host pc, and plug in the power supply cable,
this will make your board boot the flashed android images by default.
You can use following command to check if the adb connection is connected:
$ adb devices List of devices attached 0123456789 device $
Linaro Android Source Code
Download the Android building script linaro_android_build_cmds.sh for this build
from the list of artifacts listed above, and run it.
This script will help to download the entire source code for both Android and
the kernel and attempt to build it.
Most commonly used options for linaro_android_build_cmds.sh:
$ ./linaro_android_build_cmds.sh -h #To print the script usage $ ./linaro_android_build_cmds.sh -t #To build from the tip of the branch without overlay $ ./linaro_android_build_cmds.sh -t -u <url-aosp-mirror-manifest> #As -t, but repo sync from local mirror $ ./linaro_android_build_cmds.sh -m <pinned_manifest> #To reproduce an exact build from pinned manifest $ ./linaro_android_build_cmds.sh -m <pinned_manifest> -u <url-aosp-mirror-manifest> #As -m, but repo sync from local mirror
The pinned manifest(pinned-manifest.xml(?) and source manifest(source-manifest.xml) can be found from the list of artifacts
Compiling Linaro Android RootFS+Kernel
The following simple steps download, install and compile a complete Linaro Android distribution
- Download and install Ubuntu 14.04 64 bit or newer (download)
- Download the Android building script for this build from the list of artifacts
- Run the linaro_android_build_cmds.sh script downloaded, and answer the questions when promopted
These steps will generate the userdata.img for 8GB eMMC version by default,
4GB eMMc version HiKey board is not supported.
Build from the tip of the source:
chmod a+x linaro_android_build_cmds.sh ./linaro_android_build_cmds.sh -t or ./linaro_android_build_cmds.sh -t -u <url-aosp-mirror-manifest>
Or reproduce the exactly the same as this buid:
chmod a+x linaro_android_build_cmds.sh ./linaro_android_build_cmds.sh -m pinned-manifest.xml or ./linaro_android_build_cmds.sh -m pinned-manifest.xml -u <url-aosp-mirror-manifest>
Flash firmware files
To make the OP-TEE feature work correctly, we need to flash the generated firmware
files fip.bin and l-loader.bin,
To flash firmware files, we need to boot the board into the recovery mode as described
in the README file under device/linaro/hikey/installer/hikey/README, or could check
from here as well
After the building finished successfully, please boot the HiKey board to recovery mode,
and change directory to device/linaro/hikey/installer/hikey,
you could then run ./flash-all.sh directly from there since the newly generated
fip.bin and l-loader.bin files had already been copied there.
Installing Android to your HiKey Board
Following commands will flash the images into your HiKey board via the fastboot command.
$ sudo fastboot flash boot out/target/product/hikey/boot.img $ sudo fastboot flash system out/target/product/hikey/system.img $ sudo fastboot flash userdata out/target/product/hikey/userdata.img $ sudo fastboot flash vendor out/target/product/hikey/vendor.img
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